q^q sRI kysgVH swihb

hir scy qKq rcwieAw siq sµgq mylw[[

swihb sRI gurU goibµd isµG jI mhwrwj ny sµn 1699 ibkrmI sµmq 1756 ƒ q^q sRI kysgVH swihb jI dI isrjnw kIqI[ q^q PwrsI dw Sbd hY ijs dw Bwv hY isµGwsn AQvw swhI Awsx[ ies leI swhy sihxSwh bwdSwh drvys sRI gurU goibµd isµG swihb jI ny ies jgHw k`cI phwVI aupr suµdr pwqSwhI isGwsn sjw ky suµdr ivCweIAW krvw ky SwhI Awsx isµGwsx aupr gurdyv ny SsoiBq ho ky q^q sRI kysgVH swihb qoN smu`cIAW is`K sµgqW ƒ hukmnwmy Byj ky Anµdpur swihb dy ivswKI dy joVmyly leI s`idAw sI ijs dw ijkr ieiqhws ny ies qrHW kIqw hY

choN idsx qy gurU hkwry pTy hukmnwmy ilK swry[[
cyq mws mih moih iFg Awvih ivsoih ko mylw vflwvih[[(sUrj pRkwS)

ijs siqgurU jI dy hukm dI pwlxw kridAW byAµq sµgqW sRI Anµdpur swihb ivKy Aw ky iek`TIAW hoeIAW sn[dSmyS gurU jI ny sµmq 1756 sµn 1699 ie`k vYswK vwly idn ies piv`qr q^q sRI kysgVH swihb jI dy AsQwn qy suµdr qµbU lgw ky dIvwn sjwieAw[ ijs iv`c 80000 dy l`gBg sµgqW s`jIAW bYTIAW sn[ styz dy ipCly pwsy suµdr qµbU l`gy hoey sn[ ausy pwisEN gurU mhwrwj jI Awey qy qµbU dw pVHdw ih`ilAw[ sRI gurU goibµd isµG jI mhwrwj styj au~qy Aw ky KlOqy qy hjUr dy sIs qy sunihrI c`kr, m`Qy au~qy hIirAW nwl jVHI klgI, nyqr vIrrs iv`c surK, cyhrw kuC roh iv`c qixAw hoieAw, s`jy h`Q iv`c ibjlI vWg cmkdI nµgI qlvwr sI[ kuJ dyr gurdyv sµgqW v`l vyKdy rhy[ s`jy h`Q iv`c sUqI hoeI qlvwr lihrw rhI sI, aus vyly hjUr dw srIr vIrrs iv`c sI qy mu`KoN grjvIN Awvwj AweI, sµgq jI swƒ ie`k isr dI loV hY[ auTo koeI gurU kw is`K, ijhVw KuSI nwl sIs Byt kry[
sIs Byt?  ieh AxoKI mµg sux ky sµgqW hYrwn rih geIAW[ do imµt bIq gey sn sµgqW iv`coN koeI jvwb nw AwieAw[
AYnI dyr?  gurdyv jI ny pihlW nwloN vI aU~cI sur iv`c ikhw, koeI au~To ijhVw isr dyx leI iqAwr hovy[ ie`k is`K au~iTAw s`cy pwqSwh BweI idAw rwm ny h`Q joV ky ikhw, Bu`l ho geI[ pihly hukm nwl auiTAw nhIN, sIs hwzr hY, isr JukwA ky auh gurdyv v`l vD quirAw[ gurdyv aus ƒ bwhoN PV ky qµbU iv`c lY gey[ hjUr ny Bwxw vrqwieAw, lhU nwl ilbVI qlvwr lY ky dUsry isr dI mµg kIqI[dUsrw hukm sux ky BweI Drm cµd auiTAw, aus ny h`Q joV ky swhmxy Aw ky sIs JukwieAw[ gurdyv isr Arpn krn iv`c dyr ho geI, iKmW krnw, isr hwzr hY[ gurdyv BweI Drm cµd ƒ bwhoN PV ky qµbU iv`c lY gey, Bwxw vrqwieAw[ gurdyv ny qIsrI vwr styz qy Aw ky ikhw ik ie`k isr hor cwhIdw hY[ AwE koeI isdkI is`K auTo qW BweI ihµmq rwey auT ky Aw hwjr hoieAw[ ausy qrHW gurdyv aus ƒ vI Aµdr lY gey, sIs pRvwn kIqw[ Pyr coQy BweI mohkm cµd ny sIs Byt kIqw[ gurdyv aus ƒ vI qµbU iv`c lY gey Aqy sIs pRvwn kIqw[

cwr hqy pun AOr prcwrY[[

qW nµgI qlvwr lY ky ie`k sIs dI hor mµg kIqI[BweI swihb cµd ny sIs Bytw kIqw[ gurdyv jI aus ƒ vI qµbU iv`c lY gey Aqy sIs pRvwn kIqw Aqy pµjW ƒ jIvn dwn bKiSAw qy pµj bwxIAW pVH ky AµimRq iqAwr krky pµj ipAwirAW ƒ AµimRq CkwieAw sI Aqy ijs Kµfy nwl AµimRq iqAwr kIqw sI auh Kµfw q^q swihb qy SsoiBq hY ijs dy hr roj Swm ƒ drSn krvwey jWdy hn[pµj kkwrW dI rihq d`sI[ kurYihqW qoN bcx dw hukm kIqw qy pµj ipAwry iKqwb bKiSAw[

ipAwry dXw isµG jI, ipAwry Drm isµG jI, ipAwry ihµmq isµG jI,
ipAwry mohkm isµG jI, ipAwry swihb isµG jI[

mUl-mµqr Aqy gur-mµqr dw jwp bKiSAw, Aqy in`qnym dIAW bwxIAW pVHn dw hukm kIqw[ klgIDr pwqSwh jI ny Awp AµimRq CikAw qy cwry swihbzwidAW, mwqwvW Aqy keI hzwr pRwxIAW ny hor AµimRq CikAw[ ies qrHW Kwlsw pµQ dI swjnw krky q^q sRI kysgVH swihb jI dI isrjnw kIqI sI[

qKq kysgVH Aidk suhwvx Ab lau jih isK mwQ Jukwvn[[


isMG swihb igAwnI m`l isMG jI, jQydwr, q^q sRI kysgVH swihb, sRI AnMdpur swihb

ieiqhws, sRI Anµdpur swihb

juD jIq Awey jbY itkY n iqn pur pwv[[
kwhlUr mY bwiDXo Awin Awnµdpur gwv[[36[[(bic`qr nwtk)

sRI Anµdpur swihb nOvyN pwqSwh sRI gurU qyg bhwdr swihb jI ny Awp vswieAw hY[ sRI gurU qyg bhwdr swihb jI ny iblwspur dy rwjy dIp cµd dI rwxI cµpw pwsoN lodIpur, mwtovwl, mIAWpur Aqy shotw ipµf qy mwKovwl pµj ipµfW dI DrqI KrId ky 19 jUn sµn 1665 sµmq ibkrmI 1723 ƒ ies nwnkI c`k sRI Anµdpur swihb dI nINh r`KI hY ijs dw ijkr sRI gurU pµQ pRkwS Aµdr igAwnI igAwn isµG jI ny ies pRkwr kIqw hY

jYsy purw gurU bhu gRwm hY vswey, qYsy hm BI ngr eyk rcIey suCµd hY[[
AYsy min Dwr kY inhwr kY jmIn vr, bWDXo Anµd pur dwie prmwnµd hY?[[14[[

ieh Anµdpur swihb isvwilk dIAW phwVIAW dy dwmn hyT Aqy dirAw sqluj dy iknwry suBwiemwn hY[ sRI gurU qyg bhwdr swihb jI mhwrwj ies Anµdpur swihb jI dI pwvn DrqI gurduAwrw QVHw swihb qoN kSmIrI pµfqW dI PirAwd sux ky sµn 1675 ƒ ihµdU Drm dI rwKI Kwqr id`lI iv`c jw ky cWdnI coNk Aµdr Awpxy sIs dw blIdwn id`qw sI[

iqlk jM\U rwKw pRB qw kw[[kIno bfo klU mih swkw[[

ijs smyN BweI jYqw jI sRI gurU qyg bhwdr swihb jI dw sIs id`lI qoN lY ky kIrqpur swihb Awey qW hjUr ny gurduAwrw ibvwngVH swihb qoN ipqw jI dw sIs siqkwr nwl Anµdpur swihb gurduAwrw sIsgµj swihb jI dy AsQwn qy ilAw ky sskwr kIqw[ ies AsQwn dy swhmxy gurduAwrw Akwl buµgw swihb jI dy AsQwn qy bYT ky soihlw nwmy bwxI dw pwT kIqw Aqy BweI jYqw jI pwsoN ipqw gurU jI dy DV dy sskwr bwry puiCAw[ ijs vyly BweI jYqw jI ny id`lI dy is`KW dI dSw d`sI ik id`lI iv`c is`K qW bhuq hn pr AOrµgjyb dy julm dI qlvwr qoN fridAW koeI is`K sRI gurU qyg bhwdr swihb jI dy DV dw sskwr krn leI swhmxy nhIN hoieAw[ swry is`K frdy Cupdy sn[ ie`ko hI l`KI Swh vxjwry ny gupq rUp iv`c siqgurU jI dy DV dw sskwr kIqw[ ieh swrI vwrqw BweI jYqw jI pwsoN sux ky hjUr ny vIrrs iv`c Aw ky ies AsQwn gurduAwrw Akwl buµgw swihb jI dy AsQwn qoN bcn kIqy sn ik mYN AYsw Kwlsw pµQ dI swjnw krWgw jo l`KW iv`c KVHw v`Krw inrwlw nzr Aweygw[ myrw Kwlsw pµQ CupwiAW Cup nhIN skygw[



isMG swihb igAwnI m`l isMG jI, jQydwr, q^q sRI kysgVH swihb, sRI AnMdpur swihb

sRI gurU goibµd isµG swihb jI

sRI gurU goibµd isµG jI mhwrwj dw pRkwS ptnw Sihr ivKy ipqw sRI gurU qyg bhwdr swihb jI Aqy mwqw gujrI jI dy Gr sµn 1666 sµmq ibkrmI 1723 ƒ hoieAw[ sµn 1675 sµmq ibkrmI 1732 iv`c Awp jI gurU rUp ho ky jgq jIAW ƒ qwrn l`gy

mwKovwl Anµdpur jhW[[ krq invws sRI gur qhW[[(pµQ pRkwS)

Awp jI AYsy XoDy hn, dIn duKIAW, srnwgqW dI r`iKAw, zwlm Aqy julm dw nws krnw Awp jI dw Drm Xu`D hY[ Awp jI dI nIqI, s`c Aqy s`cI dwnweI pwr sI[ aUcI Akl, dUr dI soJI, idmwgI kmwl, Awp jI dI nIqI sI[ Awp jI rwijAW dy rwjy, bwdSwh drvyS gurU goibµd isµG swihb jI hn[ lwlw dolq rwey dy ilKx Anuswr gurU jI hr p`KoN pUrn, auc-kotI dy kvI, Dwrimk AwgU, Drm suDwrk qy pwr drSk ispwh swlwr Bwv POjI jrnYl hn[ gurUAW dy gurU, pIrW dy pIr, swihnSwh sRI gurU goibµd isµG swihb jI ƒ ies jgHw Anµdpur swihb Aµdr SrDwlU is`K v`fmu`lIAW BytwvW Arpn krdy sn[ ie`Qy hI hjUr ƒ Aswm dy rwjy rqn rwey ny prswdI hwQI pµj dirAweI GoVy Aqy pµcklw Ssqr Bytw kIqy sn[ kwbl dI sµgq ny idAwl dws msµd dI pRyrnw nwl ie`k bhuq suµdr psmIny dI bxI hoeI bhu-mu`lI cwnxI Bytw kIqI ijs dI kImq ieiqhwskwrW ny aus smyN FweI l`K drsweI hY[

FweI lwK kI kImq vwro[[ nwhy smwn jWih jg swro[[

sµn 1678 iv`c hjUr ny ie`k suµdr ngwrw iqAwr krvwieAw ijs dw nwm gurdyv ny rxjIq ngwrw r`iKAw[ ies rxjIq ngwry qy ijs vyly dsmyS gurU jI cot lgwauNdy sn qW bweI Dwr dy phwVI rwjy BY BIq ho jWdy sn[ kmjor mn vwly msµd Gbrw jWdy sn[ dsmyS ipqw jI ny julm Aqy jwlmW dw Kwqmw krn leI jPrnwmy Aµdr Awey ijkr Anuswr

cUµ kwr Az hmh hIlqy dr guzSq[[hlwl Asq burdn b-SmsIr dsq[[22[[

jd swirAW hIilAW qoN kµm lµG jwvy qW h`Q iv`c qlvwr auTw lYxw Drm hY[Awp jI ny guris`KW ƒ SsqrDwrI hox dw hukm kIqw[ ieQy hI pwqSwh jI ny pµj ikilHAW dI auswrI krnw kIqI[ iklw AnµdgVH swihb, iklHw lohgVH swihb, iklHw qwrwgVH swihb, iklHw holgVH swihb, iklHw PqihgVH swihb[ iklHw PqihgVH swihb iv`c hjUr is`K sUrimAW ƒ Xu`D ividAw, nyjy bwjI, GoV svwrI Awid dI isKlweI dy ky is`K sUrimAW dI POj iqAwr krdy sn[ nwhn dy rwjy mydnI pRkwS dI bynqI pRvwn krky hjUr rsqy iv`c jgq jIAW ƒ qwridAW sµn 1684 ƒ nwhn phuµcy[ ie`Qy hI rihµidAW jmnw ndI dy kµFy rmxIk QW qy suµdr ngr pwauNtw swihb vswieAw[ ieiqhws dw kQn hY

pwv itkXo sqgurU ko Awndpur qy Awie[[
nwm DrXo ies pWvtw sB dysn pRgtwie[[(sUrj pRkwS)

ie`Qy rihµidAW hjUr ny jwpu swihb, Awid in`qnym dIAw bwxIAw aucwrx kIqIAW Aqy hµkwrI kvIAW dy hµkwr dUr kIqy[ kvIAW ƒ bKiSsW krky invwijAw[pwauNtw swihb qoN 6-7 mIl dI dUrI qy ipµf BµgwxI ivKy hjUr ny BµgwxI dw Xu`D ijiqAw[ swihbzwdw bwbw AjIq isµG jI dw jnm hoieAw Aqy ndOx dy Xu`D auprµq swihbzwdw bwbw juJwr isµG jI dw jnm hoieAw[idlwvr Kwn pTwn v`loN rusqm KW ƒ cVHw ky Byjxw qy husYn KW v`loN cVHweI, sihzwdw muA`jm Aqy imrjw byg Awid swirAW duSmnw ƒ siqgurU jI ny qkVI hwr id`qI[ ies smyN swihbjwdw bwbw jorwvr isµG jI qy swihbjwdw bwbw Pqih isµG jI dw jnm hoieAw[



isMG swihb igAwnI m`l isMG jI, jQydwr, q^q sRI kysgVH swihb, sRI AnMdpur swihb

holw mh`lw

gurdyv ny holI dw rUp bdl ky holw mh`lw k`Fx dI mrXwdw qorI[ holI ArbI dw Sbd hY, mh`lw PwrsI dw Sbd hY[ ijs dw ArQ hY, hmlw qy jwie hmlw[ sRI gurU goibµd isµG jI ny sRI Anµdpur swihb holy mh`ly vwly idn POj ƒ do tukVIAW iv`c vµf ky jµg krvwauNdy[ ij`qx vwilAW ƒ ienwm idµdy sn[ies Xwd iv`c iklHw holgVH swihb bixAw hY Aqy ie`Qy hI BweI nµd lwl jI dw invws AsQwn sI[



isMG swihb igAwnI m`l isMG jI, jQydwr, q^q sRI kysgVH swihb, sRI AnMdpur swihb